Critical Thinking

 

critical thinking wikipedia

English: Critical thinking is a type of reasonable, reflective thinking that is aimed at deciding what to believe or what to do. It is a way of deciding whether a claim is always true, sometimes true, partly true, or false. Critical thinking can be traced in Western thought to the Socratic method of Ancient Greece and in the East, to the Buddhist kalama sutta and requiread-w.ga of: thought, critique. The main article for this category is Critical thinking.. Subcategories. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. P Problem solving‎ (2 C, 12 P). Pages in category "Critical thinking" The following 25 pages are in this category, out of 25 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().


Critical thinking - Wikipedia


Click Here for our professional translations. Critical thinking Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past 2, years. The term "critical thinking" has its roots in the mid-late 20th century. Below, we offer overlapping definitions which together form a substantive and trans-disciplinary conception of critical thinking.

In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness. It entails the examination of those structures critical thinking wikipedia elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications critical thinking wikipedia consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference.

Critical thinking can be seen as having two critical thinking wikipedia 1 a set of information and belief generating and processing skills, and 2 the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior. It is thus to be contrasted with: 1 the mere acquisition and retention of information alone, because it involves a particular way in which information is sought and treated; 2 the mere possession of a set of skills, because it involves the continual use of them; and 3 the mere use of those skills "as an exercise" without acceptance of their results.

Critical thinking varies according to the motivation underlying it. As such it is typically intellectually flawed, however pragmatically successful it might be. When grounded in fairmindedness and intellectual integrity, it is typically of a higher order intellectually, though subject to the charge of "idealism" by those habituated to its selfish use.

Critical thinking of any kind is never universal in any individual; everyone is subject to episodes of undisciplined or irrational thought. Its quality is therefore typically a matter of degree and dependent on, among other things, the quality and depth of experience in a given domain of thinking or with respect to a particular class of questions. No one is a critical thinker through-and-through, but only to such-and-such a degree, with such-and-such insights and blind spots, subject to such-and-such tendencies towards self-delusion.

For this reason, the development of critical thinking skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor. Another Brief Conceptualization of Critical Thinking. Why Critical Thinking? The Problem Everyone thinks; it is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends critical thinking wikipedia on the quality of our thought.

Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life. Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated. The Result A well cultivated critical thinker:. Critical thinking is, in short, self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, critical thinking wikipedia, and self-corrective critical thinking wikipedia. It presupposes assent to rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use.

It entails effective communication and problem solving abilities and a commitment to overcome our native egocentrism and sociocentrism, critical thinking wikipedia. Critical thinking calls for a critical thinking wikipedia effort to examine any belief or supposed form of knowledge in the light of the evidence that supports it and the further conclusions to which it tends. It also generally requires ability to recognize problems, to find workable means for meeting those problems, to gather and marshal pertinent information, to recognize unstated assumptions and values, to comprehend and use language with accuracy, clarity, and discrimination, critical thinking wikipedia interpret data, critical thinking wikipedia, to appraise evidence and evaluate arguments, to recognize the existence or non-existence of logical relationships between propositions, critical thinking wikipedia, to draw warranted conclusions and generalizations, to put to test the conclusions and generalizations at which one arrives, to reconstruct one's patterns of beliefs on the basis of wider experience, and to render accurate judgments about specific things and qualities in everyday life.

Edward M. Back to top. Before viewing our online resources, please seriously consider supporting our work with a financial contribution, critical thinking wikipedia. As a c 3 non-profit organization, we cannot do our work without your charitable gifts.

We hope you will help us continue to advance fairminded critical societies across the world. For full copies of many other critical thinking articles, books, videos, and more, critical thinking wikipedia, join us at the Center for Critical Thinking Community Online - the world's leading online community dedicated to critical critical thinking wikipedia Also featuring interactive learning activities, study groups, and even a social media component, this learning platform will change your conception of intellectual development.

Toggle navigation, critical thinking wikipedia. Page Menu. Translate this page from English Donate Community. Another Brief Conceptualization of Critical Thinking Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way. People who think critically consistently attempt to live rationally, reasonably, empathically.

They are keenly aware of the inherently flawed nature of human thinking when left unchecked. They strive to diminish the power of their egocentric and sociocentric tendencies. They use the intellectual tools that critical thinking critical thinking wikipedia — concepts and principles that enable them to analyze, assess, and improve thinking.

They work diligently to develop the intellectual virtues of intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual civility, intellectual empathy, intellectual sense of justice and confidence in reason. They realize that no matter how skilled they are as thinkers, they critical thinking wikipedia always improve their reasoning abilities and they will at times fall prey to mistakes in reasoning, human irrationality, critical thinking wikipedia, prejudices, biases, distortions, uncritically accepted social rules and taboos, critical thinking wikipedia, self-interest, and vested interest.

They strive to improve the world in whatever ways they can and contribute to a more rational, civilized society. At the same time, they recognize the complexities often inherent in doing so. They avoid thinking simplistically about complicated issues and strive to appropriately consider the rights and needs of relevant others.

They recognize the complexities in developing as thinkers, and commit themselves to life-long practice toward self-improvement.

 

Category:Critical thinking - Wikipedia

 

critical thinking wikipedia

 

Jul 23,  · , Kerry S. Walters, "Critical Thinking, Rationality, and the Vulcanization of Students," Journal of Higher Education, vol. 61, no. 4, p. As any educator knows, the training of students in critical thinking, analytic skills, and problem solving has become a top educational priority in recent years. The main article for this category is Critical thinking.. Subcategories. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. P Problem solving‎ (2 C, 12 P). This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Critical thinking article. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject.: Put new text under old text. Click here to start a new topic.; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes (~~~~).; New to Wikipedia? Welcome! Ask questions, get answers.